According to the 2002 census, there were 386 Czechs living in Poland.
Most of them reside in and around Zelów (81, in Łódź Voivodeship), in the south-western part of Kłodzko County (47, in Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and in the Polish sections of Cieszyn Silesia (61). Some live in Warszawa.
According to the 2011 census 3447 people declared Czech nationality.
Before the Second World War, more Czechs lived in Poland, especially around Zelów (forming a majority in the county) and in Wołyń Voivodeship (1.5%). After the war the Czechs of Wołyń were expelled by the Soviet Union, and resettled in Czechoslovakia.